The report details how society pays for dental mercury through additional pollution control costs, deterioration of public resources, and the health effects associated with mercury contamination.
"The best way to keep mercury out of our water and out of the fish we eat is to stop it from getting there in the first place," says Cyndi Luppi, New England Director for Clean Water Action. "That's just common sense. This study shows the economics are on our side, too."
“It is taxpayers who foot the bill for dental mercury in the environment, which goes uncontrolled into our water, air and land,” said Charlie Brown, National Counsel, Consumers for Dental Choice. “Dental mercury contaminates fish, which in turn presents a neurological exposure risk to pregnant women and children, in particular.”
In 2010, EPA announced plans to propose a dental mercury pollution control rule, stating that:
“…approximately 50 percent of mercury entering local waste treatment plants comes from dental amalgam waste. Once deposited, certain microorganisms can change elemental mercury into methylmercury, a highly toxic form that builds up in fish, shellfish and animals that eat fish.”[iii]
The groups note that EPA has yet to propose its rule, however.
In summary, the environmental concerns and indirect health risks from dental mercury releases all show the need for an amalgam phase out. Yet now another clear reason is provided: amalgam is far from being a bargain and is in fact significantly more costly than mercury-free fillings.
Medicine & Toxicology is a network of dental, medical and research professionals who seek to raise the standards of scientific biocompatibility in the dental practice with information from the latest interdisciplinary research. The European Environmental Bureau’s Zero Mercury Campaign project’s ultimate objective is ‘Zero’ emissions, demand and supply of mercury, from all sources we can control, in view of reducing to a minimum, mercury in the environment at EU level and globally.
 Interstate Mercury Education and Reduction Clearinghouse website: www.newmoa.org/prevention/mercury/imerc/factsheets/dental_amalgam.pdf. IMERC members include CT, LA, ME, MA, NH, NY, RI, and VT.
 “EPA Press Release 09/27/2010”; http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/d0cf6618525a9efb85257359003fb69d/a640db2ebad201cd852577ab00634848!OpenDocument
 WHO 2011 Report, http://www.who.int/oral_health/publications/dental_material_2011.pdf